Optimization of Rock Physics Models by Combining the Differential Effective Medium (DEM) and Adaptive Batzle-Wang Methods in “R” Field, East Java
The pore systems in carbonate reservoirs are more complex than the pore systems in clastic rocks. There are three types of pores in carbonate rocks: interparticle pores, stiff pores and cracks. The complexity of the pore types can lead to changes in the P-wave velocity by up to 40%, and carbonate reservoir characterization becomes difficult when the S-wave velocity is estimated using the dominant interparticle pore type only. In addition, the geometry of the pores affects the permeability of the reservoir. Therefore, when modelling the elastic modulus of the rock it is important to take into account the complexity of the pore types in carbonate rocks. The Differential Effective Medium (DEM) is a method for modelling the elastic modulus of the rock that takes into account the heterogeneity in the types of pores in carbonate rocks by adding pore-type inclusions little by little into the host material until the required proportion of the material is reached. In addition, the model is optimized by calculating the bulk modulus of the fluid filler porous rock under reservoir conditions using the Adaptive Batzle-Wang method. Once a fluid model has been constructed under reservoir conditions, the model is entered as input for the P-wave velocity model, which is then used to estimate the velocity of the S-wave and the proportion of primary and secondary pore types in the rock. Changes in the characteristics of the P-wave which are sensitive to the presence of fluid lead to improvements in the accuracy of the P-wave model, so the estimated S-wave velocity and the calculated ratio of primary and secondary pores in the reservoir are more reliable.