Scientia Bruneiana https://scibru.fos.ubd.edu.bn/index.php/scibru <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif;">Scientia Bruneiana&nbsp;is a journal of science and science-related matters published by the Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam. It is dedicated to publishing high quality research in six fields of natural and applied sciences:</span></p> <ol> <li class="show"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif;">Biology<br></span></li> <li class="show"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif;">Chemistry<br></span></li> <li class="show"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif;">Applied Physics</span></li> <li class="show"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif;">Geoscience</span></li> <li class="show"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif;">Mathematics<br></span></li> <li class="show"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif;">Computer Science</span></li> </ol> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: tahoma,geneva,sans-serif;">Scientia Bruneiana is sponsored by the Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD). Since 2009, UBD has transformed from a traditional teaching university into a university that incorporates both teaching and research. Over the past 7 years, the Sciences has played a significant contribution towards drastic outcomes in research and innovation. Among them, researchers have managed to secure subtantive internal and external research grants. This has allowed the advancement of the sciences which in turn has led to the establishment of a global connectivity while maintaining regional identity and the nation’s needs.<br></span></p> en-US david.marshall@ubd.edu.bn (Dr David John Marshall) owais.malik@ubd.edu.bn (Dr Owais Ahmed Malik) Fri, 07 Aug 2020 19:58:09 -0700 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Fern diversity and distribution in the UBD campus https://scibru.fos.ubd.edu.bn/index.php/scibru/article/view/114 <p>Green areas and parks are important for maintaining local biodiversity in urbanised habitats. Recent studies have demonstrated that the biodiversity retained in these areas is also important for engaging citizen scientists in conservation projects. Most of the documentation on biodiversity is from temperate regions, whereas in the tropics this field is still in its infancy. This study documented the fern and fern allies richness and abundance within the Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD) campus, Brunei Darussalam. We found 39 species in total, belonging to 20 families and 28 genera. Although the total richness did not differ between forest and open plots, ordination showed that forested areas retained a different species composition. Although none of the identified species were IUCN listed, nearly half of the species were recorded once or twice, indicating small population sizes and the biological value of small forest fragments. Our study contributes to understanding the flora diversity of the UBD campus. These results can be used to minimise environmental degradation during infrastructure development on the UBD campus.</p> Daniele Cicuzza, Muhammad Adib Hidayatullah Ahmad, Ahmad Rafi’uddin Bin Jipli, Dk Noorul Suhailah Binti Pg Sapudin, Nor Syukriah Akmal Bte Awg Hj Ismail Copyright (c) 2020 Daniele Cicuzza, Muhammad Adib Hidayatullah Ahmad, Ahmad Rafi’uddin Bin Jipli, Dk Noorul Suhailah Binti Pg Sapudin, Nor Syukriah Akmal Bte Awg Hj Ismail https://scibru.fos.ubd.edu.bn/index.php/scibru/article/view/114 Fri, 07 Aug 2020 19:56:59 -0700 Post-fire impacts on tree diversity in coastal heath forests of Brunei Darussalam https://scibru.fos.ubd.edu.bn/index.php/scibru/article/view/109 <p style="text-align: justify;">The adverse impacts of fires on the diversity of native plants in forest ecosystems are well documented. Tree diversity was studied in coastal heath (<em>Kerangas</em>) forests of Brunei Darussalam, Northwest Borneo after fire events. Eight 20 x 20 m plots were set up in once-burnt (3 plots), twice-burnt (3 plots) and unburnt heath forests (2 plots). All trees (live and dead) with stem diameters of 1 cm and above were censused, and measures of percentage canopy openness and soil variables (pH, gravimetric water and organic matter content, and concentrations of total nitrogen and phosphorus) were determined. Soil pH, gravimetric water content and total nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations, and canopy openness were significantly higher in the burnt plots. Stem diameters were significantly higher in the unburnt heath forests, with mostly <em>Acacia</em> species recording smaller stem sizes (&lt;10 cm dbh). Tree species richness and diversity were significantly lower in the once-burnt plots than in unburnt, intact heath forest plots indicating substantial loss of native tree diversity in fire-affected habitats. Tree community compositions of the once-burnt plots were dominated by invasive <em>Acacia mangium</em>. This study highlights the negative impact of fire on native tree diversity, soil properties and canopy openness of these coastal <em>Kerangas</em> forests, and further provides preliminary evidence that fire events have facilitated the successful establishment of invasive <em>Acacia</em> species.</p> Wardah Haji Tuah, Kushan Udayanga Tennakoon, Salwana Md. Jaafar, Rahayu Sukmaria Sukri Copyright (c) 2020 Wardah Haji Tuah, Kushan Udayanga Tennakoon, Salwana Md. Jaafar, Rahayu Sukmaria Sukri https://scibru.fos.ubd.edu.bn/index.php/scibru/article/view/109 Fri, 07 Aug 2020 20:02:53 -0700