Fern diversity and distribution in the UBD campus
Green areas and parks are important for maintaining local biodiversity in urbanised habitats. Recent studies have demonstrated that the biodiversity retained in these areas is also important for engaging citizen scientists in conservation projects. Most of the documentation on biodiversity is from temperate regions, whereas in the tropics this field is still in its infancy. This study documented the fern and fern allies richness and abundance within the Universiti Brunei Darussalam (UBD) campus, Brunei Darussalam. We found 39 species in total, belonging to 20 families and 28 genera. Although the total richness did not differ between forest and open plots, ordination showed that forested areas retained a different species composition. Although none of the identified species were IUCN listed, nearly half of the species were recorded once or twice, indicating small population sizes and the biological value of small forest fragments. Our study contributes to understanding the flora diversity of the UBD campus. These results can be used to minimise environmental degradation during infrastructure development on the UBD campus.